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Home / Drugs / Starting with A / Alfuzosin

Alfuzosin (INN, provided as the hydrochloride salt) is an alpha-adrenergic blocker used to treat benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). It works by relaxing the muscles in the prostate and bladder neck, making it easier to urinate. [Wikipedia]
CategoriesAntihypertensive Agents
Adrenergic alpha-Antagonists
ManufacturersSanofi aventis us llc
PackagersA-S Medication Solutions LLC
Atlantic Biologicals Corporation
Heartland Repack Services LLC
Lake Erie Medical and Surgical Supply
Murfreesboro Pharmaceutical Nursing Supply
Nucare Pharmaceuticals Inc.
Physicians Total Care Inc.
Sanofi-Aventis Inc.
Stat Rx Usa


For the reduction of urinary obstruction and relief of associated manifestations (eg. sensation of incomplete bladder emptying or straining, urgency, interrupted or weak stream) in patients with symptomatic beningn prostatic hyperplasia.


Alfuzosin is a quinazoline-derivative alpha-adrenergic blocking agent used to treat hypertension and benign prostatic hyperplasia. Accordingly, alfuzosin is a selective inhibitor of the alpha(1) subtype of alpha adrenergic receptors. In the human prostate, alfuzosin antagonizes phenylephrine (alpha(1) agonist)-induced contractions, in vitro, and binds with high affinity to the alpha1a adrenoceptor, which is thought to be the predominant functional type in the prostate. Studies in normal human subjects have shown that alfuzosin competitively antagonized the pressor effects of phenylephrine (an alpha(1) agonist) and the systolic pressor effect of norepinephrine. The antihypertensive effect of alfuzosin results from a decrease in systemic vascular resistance and the parent compound alfuzosin is primarily responsible for the antihypertensive activity.

mechanism of action

Alfuzosin is a non-subtype specific alpha(1)-adrenergic blocking agent that exhibits selectivity for alpha(1)-adrenergic receptors in the lower urinary tract. Inhibition of these adrenoreceptors leads to the relaxation of smooth muscle in the bladder neck and prostate, resulting in the improvement in urine flow and a reduction in symptoms in benign prostate hyperplasia. Alfuzosin also inhibits the vasoconstrictor effect of circulating and locally released catecholamines (epinephrine and norepinephrine), resulting in peripheral vasodilation.


Side effects are dizziness (due to postural hypotension), upper respiratory tract infection, headache, and fatigue.


Hepatic. Alfuzosin undergoes extensive metabolism by the liver, with only 11% of the administered dose excreted unchanged in the urine. Alfuzosin is metabolized by three metabolic pathways: oxidation, O-demethylations, and N-dealkylation. The metabolites are not pharmacologically active. CYP3A4 is the principal hepatic enzyme isoform involved in its metabolism.


Absorption is 50% lower under fasting conditions

half life

10 hours

route of elimination

Following oral administration of 14C-labeled alfuzosin solution, the recovery of radioactivity after 7 days (expressed as a percentage of the administered dose) was 69% in feces and 24% in urine.

drug interactions

Conivaptan: CYP3A4 Inhibitors (Strong) may increase the serum concentration of Alfuzosin. Concomitant use of alfuzosin with a strong CYP3A4 inhibitor is a listed contraindication according to alfuzosin prescribing information.

Itraconazole: The antifungal increases the effect of alfuzosin

Ketoconazole: The antifungal increases the effect of alfuzosin

Ritonavir: Ritonavir increases the effect/toxicity of alfuzosin

Tadalafil: Tadalafil may enhance the hypotensive effect of Alfusozin. Monitor for hypotension during concomitant therapy.

Tamsulosin: Concomitant use of alpha1-adrenergic antagonists, Tamsulosin and Alfuzosin, may result in additive antihypertensive effects. Combination therapy is not recommended.

Telithromycin: Telithromycin may reduce clearance of Alfuzosin. Consider alternate therapy.

Terazosin: Additive antihypertensive effects may occur. Increase risk of orthostatic hypotension and syncope. Concomitant therapy should be avoided.

Vardenafil: Additive hypotensive effects of the PDE5 inhibitor, Vardenafil, and alpha1-blocker, Alfuzosin, may occur. Monitor for hypotension during concomitant therapy.

Voriconazole: Voriconazole, a strong CYP3A4 inhibitor, may increase the serum concentration of alfuzosin by decreasing its metabolism. Use of alfuzosin with strong CYP3A4 inhibitors is contraindicated by the manufacturer.