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indicationFor treatment of myocardial infarction and acute coronary syndrome.
pharmacologyEptifibatide is an anti-coagulant that selectively blocks the platelet glycoprotein IIb/IIIa receptor. Eptifibatide is a cyclic heptapeptide derived from a protein found in the venom of the southeastern pygmy rattlesnake (Sistrurus miliarus barbouri). It belongs to the class of the so called arginin-glycin-aspartat-mimetics and reversibly binds to platelets.
mechanism of actionEptifibatide inhibits platelet aggregation by reversibly binding to the platelet receptor glycoprotein (GP) IIb/IIIa of human platelets, thus preventing the binding of fibrinogen, von Willebrand factor, and other adhesive ligands. Inhibition of platelet aggregation occurs in a dose- and concentration-dependent manner.
toxicityEptifibatide was not lethal to rats, rabbits, or monkeys when administered by continuous intravenous infusion for 90 minutes at a total dose of 45 mg/kg (about 2 to 5 times the recommended maximum daily human dose on a body surface area basis)
biotransformationNo major metabolites have been detected in human plasma. Deamidated eptifibatide and other, more polar metabolites have been detected in urine.
half lifeApproximately 2.5 hours
drug interactionsGinkgo biloba: Additive anticoagulant/antiplatelet effects may increase bleed risk. Concomitant therapy should be avoided.
Tirofiban: Additive effects. Concomitant use is contraindicated.
Treprostinil: The prostacyclin analogue, Treprostinil, increases the risk of bleeding when combined with the antiplatelet agent, Eptifibatide. Monitor for increased bleeding during concomitant thearpy.