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indicationUsed for the symptomatic relief of hypersensitivity reactions and particularly for the control of pruritic skin disorders
pharmacologyIn allergic reactions an allergen interacts with and cross-links surface IgE antibodies on mast cells and basophils. Once the mast cell-antibody-antigen complex is formed, a complex series of events occurs that eventually leads to cell-degranulation and the release of histamine (and other chemical mediators) from the mast cell or basophil. Once released, histamine can react with local or widespread tissues through histamine receptors. Histamine, acting on H1-receptors, produces pruritis, vasodilatation, hypotension, flushing, headache, tachycardia, and bronchoconstriction. Histamine also increases vascular permeability and potentiates pain. Methdilazine is a histamine H1 antagonist. It competes with histamine for the normal H1-receptor sites on effector cells of the gastrointestinal tract, blood vessels and respiratory tract. It provides effective, temporary relief of sneezing, watery and itchy eyes, and runny nose due to hay fever and other upper respiratory allergies.
mechanism of actionMethdilazine binds to the histamine H1 receptor. This blocks the action of endogenous histamine, which subsequently leads to temporary relief of the negative symptoms brought on by histamine.
toxicitySymptoms of overdose include clumsiness or unsteadiness, convulsions, drowsiness, dryness of mouth, nose, or throat, feeling faint, flushing or redness of face, hallucinations, muscle spasms (especially of neck and back), restlessness, shortness of breath or troubled breathing, shuffling walk, tic-like movements of head and face, trembling and shaking of hands, and trouble in sleeping.
absorptionWell absorbed in the digestive tract.
drug interactionsBromocriptine: The phenothiazine decreases the effect of bromocriptine
Cisapride: Increased risk of cardiotoxicity and arrhythmias
Dexfenfluramine: Decreased anorexic effect, may increase psychotic symptoms
Diethylpropion: Decreased anorexic effect, may increase psychotic symptoms
Donepezil: Possible antagonism of action
Fenfluramine: Decreased anorexic effect, may increase psychotic symptoms
Galantamine: Possible antagonism of action
Guanethidine: Methdilazine may decrease the effect of guanethidine.
Mazindol: Decreased anorexic effect, may increase psychotic symptoms
Phentermine: Decreased anorexic effect, may increase psychotic symptoms
Phenylpropanolamine: Decreased anorexic effect, may increase psychotic symptoms
Terfenadine: Increased risk of cardiotoxicity and arrhythmias