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indicationFor use during the induction and maintenance of general anesthesia.
pharmacologyRemifentanil is an opioid agonist with rapid onset and peak effect and ultra-short duration of action. The opioid activity of remifentanil is antagonized by opioid antagonists such as naloxone. The analgesic effects of remifentanil are rapid in onset and offset. Its effects and side effects are dose dependent and similar to other opioids. Remifentanil in humans has a rapid blood-brain equilibration half-time of 1 ± 1 minutes (mean ± SD) and a rapid onset of action.
mechanism of actionRemifentanil is a µ-opioid agonist with rapid onset and peak effect, and short duration of action. The µ-opioid activity of remifentanil is antagonized by opioid antagonists such as naloxone.
biotransformationBy hydrolysis of the propanoic acid-methyl ester linkage by nonspecific blood and tissue esterases.
half life1-20 minutes
route of eliminationRemifentanil is an esterase-metabolized opioid. The carboxylic acid metabolite is essentially inactive (1/4600 as potent as remifentanil in dogs) and is excreted by the kidneys with an elimination half-life of approximately 90 minutes.
drug interactionsTranylcypromine: Possible increased risk of serotonin syndrome.
Triprolidine: The CNS depressants, Triprolidine and Remifentanil, may increase adverse/toxic effects due to additivity. Monitor for increased CNS depressant effects during concomitant therapy.