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indicationFor the short-term treatment of insomnia (generally 7-10 days).
pharmacologyTemazepam is a benzodiazepine used as a hypnotic agent in the management of insomnia. Temazepam produces CNS depression at limbic, thalamic, and hypothalamic levels of the CNS. Temazepam increases the affinity of the neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) for GABA receptors by binding to benzodiazepine receptors. Results are sedation, hypnosis, skeletal muscle relaxation, anticonvulsant activity, and anxiolytic action.
mechanism of actionBenzodiazepines bind nonspecifically to benzodiazepine receptors, which affects muscle relaxation, anticonvulsant activity, motor coordination, and memory. As benzodiazepine receptors are thought to be coupled to gamma-aminobutyric acid-A (GABAA) receptors, this enhances the effects of GABA by increasing GABA affinity for the GABA receptor. Binding of the inhibitory neurotransmitter GABA to the site opens the chloride channel, resulting in a hyperpolarized cell membrane that prevents further excitation of the cell.
biotransformationHepatic. Temazepam is completely metabolized through conjugation prior to excretion. The major metabolite is the O-conjugate of temazepam (90%).
absorptionWell absorbed, minimal first-pass metabolism.
half life10-20 hours
route of eliminationTemazepam was completely metabolized through conjugation prior to excretion; 80% to 90% of the dose appeared in the urine.
drug interactionsAminophylline: Aminophylline may decrease the efficacy of Temazepam. Monitor for changes in the therapeutic effect of Temazepam if Aminophylline is initiated, discontinued or dose changed.
Clozapine: The benzodiazepine, Temazepam, may increase the adverse effects of Clozapine. Monitor for respiratory depression and hypotension if concomitant therapy is initiated.
Dyphylline: Dyphylline may decrease the efficacy of Temazepam. Monitor for changes in the therapeutic effect of Temazepam if Dyphylline is initiated, discontinued or dose changed.
Kava: Kava may increase the effect of the benzodiazepine, temazepam.
Theophylline: Theophylline may decrease the efficacy of Temazepam. Monitor for changes in the therapeutic effect of Temazepam if Theophylline is initiated, discontinued or dose changed.
Triprolidine: The CNS depressants, Triprolidine and Temazepam, may increase adverse/toxic effects due to additivity. Monitor for increased CNS depressant effects during concomitant therapy.